3.1 Definitions of Healthcare Infection Incident, Outbreak and Data Exceedance

The terms ‘incident’ and ‘Incident Management Team’ (IMT) are used as generic terms to cover both incidents and outbreaks

A healthcare infection incident may be:

An exceptional infection episode

See literature review for Infectious Diseases of High Consequence (IDHC)

A healthcare infection exposure incident

A healthcare associated infection outbreak


A healthcare infection data exceedance

A healthcare infection near miss incident

A healthcare infection incident should be suspected if there is:


Further information can be found in the literature review Healthcare infection incidents and outbreaks in Scotland.